Editing the startup file to launch apps you want

The default ~/.fluxbox/startup file which is used by startfluxbox looks like the following: (If you don't have it, make sure you start fluxbox with startfluxbox)

# fluxbox startup-script:
# Lines starting with a '#' are ignored.

# Change your keymap:
xmodmap "$HOME/.Xmodmap"

# Applications you want to run with fluxbox.
# unclutter -idle 2 &
# wmnd &
# wmsmixer -w &
# idesk &

# And last but not least we start fluxbox.
# Because it is the last app you have to run it with exec before it.

exec fluxbox
# or if you want to keep a log:
# exec fluxbox -log "$fluxdir/log"

Now just add any applications you want to run after the

# Applications you want to run with fluxbox.

and before

exec fluxbox

All applications should have & after them, so if you want to run gaim and firefox, add following lines:

gaim &
firefox &

and you're set. Remember that lines starting with # are comments.

How do I start an application after fluxbox starts

This is pretty easy to do, and for some apps like gdesklets is often needed. The best thing to do is to edit your existing startup script and remove the line:

exec fluxbox

Then replace it with the following:

fluxbox &

sleep 1
   # Applications you want to run after fluxbox has started
   # ipager &
   # gkrellm2 &
} &
wait $fbpid

Probably the most easily-overlooked change here is the line fluxbox &, especially the & character. This will start fluxbox in the background and is required so that the other later programs will start! Note how we save fluxbox's pid in the shell variable $fbpid and then at the very end use wait to prevent us from exiting this script until fluxbox exits.

Notice the sleep 1: this is where we tell our apps how long to wait before they start. If you need to wait 10 seconds before starting the app, fluxbox will already be running so setting sleep 10 will not affect how long fluxbox itself takes to start; this will just mean there is a 10 second delay before your application starts. You could have multiple "sleep" sections, to start some applications later than others.

Further Reading

When you start X, either via 'startx' or by your display manager, it runs startfluxbox which ends up running this ~/.fluxbox/startup script. When this script reaches its end, the X server will shut down (or you will return to your login manager). This is why by default you must have exec fluxbox as the final line in your script, or in the latter case, the wait $fbpid line, both of which will suspend the script's execution until fluxbox exits. This ensures the X server keeps running for as long as fluxbox itself is running, which is usually what you want - Your session will be really short otherwise ;)

Category:English howtos